職工盟及各大勞工組織
要求停止暴力鎮壓柬埔寨工人及工會

(To read the English version please scroll down)

 

 

今天(2014年1月10日),多家香港的勞工組織及工會前往柬埔寨總領事館抗議柬埔寨政府暴力鎮壓近日由成衣、紡織及鞋業工人為爭取提高法定最低工資而合法組織的罷工。柬埔寨總領事館雖派出代表接收請願信,但卻對暴力鎮壓工會及工人未有任何回應。

媒體證實警察和軍方在2014年1月2及3日期間過度使用武力對付示威者,造成至少4名工人被殺害和23人嚴重受傷,包括非正規經濟獨立民主協會主席(Independent Democracy of Informal Economy Association) Vorn Pao先生、柬埔寨農民社區聯會(Coalition of Cambodian Farmer Communities)協調員Theng Savoeun先生在內的人士被捕,尚有十人仍遭扣押。

提高最低工資是合法的訴求,我們狐疑為甚麼洪森政府會使用這等暴力手段來鎮壓?在成衣行業裡,仍在試用期和已過試用期的工人所獲得的法定最低工資分別為每月75和80美元。勞工顧問委員會建議把最低工資調升至157到177美元的水平。過去十年,柬埔寨經濟得以迅速發展全賴70萬名成衣工人,因為成衣業佔柬埔寨八成的出口。工資增長落後於通脹,生產力卻因發展工業而需要提高。2013年12月,政府宣佈計劃把最低工資上調至95美元,及後修正為100美元;這完全無視勞顧會的建議,那怕是工會提出上調至160美元的方案。

我們十分關注柬埔寨工人的勞工情況。香港是柬埔寨的第六大貿易伙伴及第五大進口地。現時柬埔寨有約56家港資的成衣廠和鞋廠,僱用了超過三萬五千人。這些香港公司與跨國品牌公司(例如:H&M、Gap和Levi’s)同氣連聲,一直遊說壓低工人工資。

柬埔寨政府視公民權益如無物,實在叫人憤慨。柬埔寨《憲法》賦予工人罷工及結社自由的權利。柬埔寨政府締約有關結社自由的第87號國際勞工公約,就有責任在和平罷工時持守最少干預的原則。同時,有權享有體面生活是基本的人權。《勞動法》第104條清楚列明『最低限度上,工資必須跟法定最低工資相同,後者必須保障每名工人有體面的生活水平,符合人格尊嚴』。政府提出的100美元最低工資明顯與法律條文所描述的生活水平沾不上邊。

我們要求:

1. 柬埔寨政府立即停止暴力鎮壓工人和工會領袖與及以武力手段對付公民;

2. 僱主必須尋求不以壓榨工人為本的營商之道;與及

3. 當局立即釋放被捕的工人和工會領袖,並就只為爭取較佳生活及有勇氣對不公平提出抗議的工人遭警方暴力殺害一事,進行全面獨立的調查。

 

 

 

參與團體:大學師生監察無良企業行動、工黨、中國勞動透視、左翼21、全球化監察、亞洲專訊資料研究中心、亞洲跨國企業監察網絡、宗教合作論壇、香港婦女勞工協會、香港職工會聯盟、勞工教育及服務網絡、勞動力、零售、商業及成衣業總工會(按筆劃次序)

 

 

Stop the Brutal Suppression of Workers and Trade Unions in Cambodia

 

Today(10th January 2014) a group of Hong Kong-based labour rights organizations and trade unions staged a protest against the Cambodian government for its violent suppression of the recent lawful strike of garment, textile and footwear workers demanding for an increase of minimum wage. The representative from the Cambodian Consulate received the petition letter, but there has been no response on its violent suppression on the trade unions and workers in Cambodia.

Numerous media reports have confirmed that at least four workers were brutally killed and 23 others severely injured as a result of the excessive force used by the police and armed forces with live ammunition between 2 and 3 January 2014. Mr Vorn Pao, President of Independent Democracy of Informal Economy Association (IDEA) and Mr Theng Savoeun, Coordinator of Coalition of Cambodian Farmer Communities (CCFC) were among the arrested and 10 workers are remain in custody.

We wonder why the Hun Sen administration perpetrated such degree of violence to silent a legitimate demand for a minimum wage increased. The current minimum wages were US$75 and $80 per month for probationary and non-probationary workers in the garment industry respectively. The Labor Advisory Committee recommended an increase to US$157-$177. Garment workers have been the backbone of the fast economic growth for the last decade. Roughly 80% of export from Cambodia relies upon 700,000 garment workers. Their wages are lagging far behind inflation and their increased productivity. In December 2013, the government announced its plan to increase minimum wage to US$95 (later increased to US$100), which utterly ignored the recommendation of the Labor Advisory Committee, as well as unions’ demand for an increase to US$160 as the minimum wage.

We are deeply concerned about the working conditions of Cambodian workers. Hong Kong is Cambodia’s 6th largest trading partner and the 5th largest source of imports. Currently, some 56 Hong Kong-owned garment and footwear factories are operating in Cambodia, employing more than 35,000 workers. These companies act in complicity with transnational companies, such as H&M, Gap, Levi’s, for a low wage.

It is outrageous that the Cambodian government has shown little interest to enhance the welfare of its citizens. Cambodian workers have their constitutional right to strike and freedom of association. As a signatory to the ILO’s Convention No 87 on Freedom of Association, the Cambodian government also has obligation to uphold the principle of minimum interference in a peaceful strike. Meanwhile, it is a fundamental human right to enjoy a decent living. Article 104 of the Cambodian Labor Law clearly states that “wage must be at least equal to the guaranteed minimum wage; that is, it must ensure every worker of a decent standard of living compatible with human dignity”. Obviously, the government’s proposal of US$100 per month is in no ways enough to guarantee the legally required standard of living.

 

 

We urge:

1. the Government of Cambodia to immediately stop brutally suppressing workers and union leaders and refrain from deploying violent measures against its own citizens;

2. the employers must find ways of doing business without squeezing workers to death; and

3. the authorities must begin with immediate release of the arrested workers and union leaders as well as a thorough independent investigation of the violence that killed workers who had just wanted a better life and have courage to protest injustice.

 

Participants: Asian Monitor Resource Centre (AMRC), Asian Transnational Corporations Monitoring Network (ATNC), Globalization Monitor (GM), Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions (HKCTU), Hong Kong Women Workers’ Association (HKWWA), Interfaith Cooperation Forum (IFC), Labour Action China (LAC), Labour Education and Service Network (LESN), Labour Party, Left 21, Retail, Commerce and Clothing Industries General Union (RCCIGU), Students and Scholars Against Corporate Misbehaviour (SACOM), Worker Empowerment (WE), War On Want